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一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)   ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)   例句:Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.   海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。

二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V   Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V   例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.   没有比接受教育更重要的事。
三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.   (再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。)   例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.   我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。
四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的...)   例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.   不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。
五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道...)   例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.   全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。
六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的...)   例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.   毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。
七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的优点是...)   例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won‘t create (produce) any pollution.   使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。
八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (...的原因是...)   例句:The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.   我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。
九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此...以致于...)   例句:So precious is time that we can‘t afford to waste it.   时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。
十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然...)   例句:Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory.   {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}   虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。
十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~   The + more + Adj + S + V, ~~~ the + more + Adj + S + V ~~~(愈...愈...)   例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.   你愈努力,你愈进步。
十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着...,..能够..)   例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.   借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。
十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使..能够..)   例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.   听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。
十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...)   例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.   我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。
十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是...的时候了)   例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.   该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。
十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)   例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.   违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。
十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)   例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.   没有人不渴望上大学。
十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)   例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.     既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。
十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)   It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)   It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)   例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.   可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。
二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是...的原因)   例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don‘t like it.   夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。
二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过去...年来,...一直...)   例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.   过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。
二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。   例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.   自从他上高中,他一直很用功。
二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。)   例句:It pays to help others.   帮助别人是值得的。
二十四、be based on (以...为基础)   例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.   社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。
二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)   We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.   我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。
二十六、bring home to + 人+ 事 (让...明白...事)   例句:We should bring home to people the value of working hard.   我们应该让人们明白努力的价值。
二十七、be closely related to ~~ (与...息息相关)   例句:Taking exercise is closely related to health.   做运动与健康息息相关。
二十八、Get into the habit of + Ving = make it a rule to + V (养成...的习惯)   We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.   我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。
二十九、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~ (因为...)   例句:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.   因为他的鼓励,我终于实现我的梦想。
三十、What a + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a + N + V!(多么...!)   例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise!   How important a thing it is to keep our promise!   遵守诺言是多么重要的事!
三十一、Leave much to be desired (令人不满意)   例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.   我们的交通状况令人不满意。
三十二、Have a great influence on ~~~ (对...有很大的影响)   例句:Smoking has a great influence on our health.   抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。
三十三、do good to (对...有益),do harm to (对...有害)   例句:Reading does good to our mind.读书对心灵有益。   Overwork does harm to health.工作过度对健康有害。
三十四、Pose a great threat to ~~ (对...造成一大威胁)   例句:Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.   污染对我们的生存造成一大威胁。
三十五、do one‘s utmost to + V = do one‘s best (尽全力去...)   例句:We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.   我们应尽全力去达成我们的人生目标

at first at present currently first first of all firstly generally speaking in the beginning in the first place lately now it goes without saying that presently recently to begin with to start with
after after a few days after a while also at any rate(无论如何) at the same time besides this by this time certainly consequently for example for instance for this purpose unlike what is more from now on furthermore in addition in addition to in fact in other words in particular in the same manner(同样地) incidentally(顺便让我提一下) indeed meanwhile moreover no doubt obviously of course particularly second secondly similarly so soon still then third truly
after all all the same anyway at the same time but by this time conversely despite especially fortunately however in other words in particular in spite of in the same way likewise luckily nevertheless no doubt notwithstanding(虽然) on the contrary on the other hand
above all accordingly as a consequence as a result as has been noted as I have said at last at length by and large(总的说来,大体上) briefly by doing so consequently eventually finally hence in brief in conclusion in short in sum in summary on the whole therefore thus to speak frankly to sum up to summarize

1. 开头万能公式一:名人名言
A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)
It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)
As everyone knows, No one can deny that…
2. 开头万能公式二:数字统计
According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.
Travel by Bike:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。
Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?:根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。
A recent statistics shows that …

In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her.
To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example
世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:
in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner
on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …
实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!
I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.
I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.
I cannot bear it.
可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.
in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论
Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.
to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus
Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…
2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议
Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.
Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.
Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

一、 长短句原则
As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.
二、 主题句原则
To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.
三、 一二三原则
领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。
1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)
2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)
3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)
4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)
5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)
6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)
7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)
8)most important of all, moreover, finally
9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)
10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
四、 短语优先原则
I cannot bear it.
可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
I want it.
可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.
五、 多实少虚原则
原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:
走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room
但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room
小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room
小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room
老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room
六、 多变句式原则
都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:
I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar.
Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.
besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover
The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.
The coat was thin, but it was warm.
despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding
3)因果(so, so, so)
The snow began to fall, so we went home.
then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that
举例:This is what I can do.
Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
When to go, Why he goes away…
The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.
Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.
其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。
Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.
Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.
We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)
七、 挑战极限原则
The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.
Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of 中国.

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